In the present scenario, Education has become a challenge both at School level and at College Levels. The society has become knowledge based society. Education has become one of the basic needs of human beings after food, cloth and shelter. Education plays an important role in building of the Nation and is instrumental in bringing about a change in the society as a whole. Rising number of school dropouts has been the biggest problem for the Government since many of such dropouts involve in anti-social activities. Even the students who are pursuing their education in institutions have been involving in unwanted or criminal activities. In these circumstances, it is the responsibility of the Government to minimize the rate of school dropouts by providing necessary support to continue their education. It is the role of teachers to understand the family background of their students and to provide counseling to the students and their parents to complete the study. Dropout causes great loss of nations’ precious resources as well as wastage of time, and energy at the part of the individual. Therefore, it is essential to study the problem deeply considering every aspect of it so that the menace of drop-out may be reduced in future. The biggest issue to be addressed immediately is the dropout from schools. The Governments at the centre and states have been taking various measures to identify the reasons for school dropouts and provide necessary help for them to continue their education. In order to understand whether the initiatives of the Government have been effective, the author has packed her research evidence into this book. This treasury of research will help researchers and all readers enrich their knowledge about School Drop Outs, a case analysis at Erode District, Tamil Nadu.